Advanced Gum Treatments
ADVANCED GUM TREATMENT
A serious gum infection that damages gums and can destroy the jawbone.
Periodontitis, also generally called gum disease or periodontal disease, begins with bacterial growth in your mouth and may end — if not properly treated — with tooth loss due to destruction of the tissue that surrounds your teeth.
CAUSES OF GUM DISEASE
- Smoking or chewing tobacco prevents the gum tissue from being able to heal.
- Crooked, rotated, or overlapping teeth create more areas for plaque and calculus to accumulate and are harder to keep clean.
- Hormonal changes in puberty, pregnancy, and menopause typically correlate with a rise in gingivitis. The increase in hormones causes the blood vessels in the gums to be more susceptible to bacterial and chemical attack. At puberty, the prevalence of gingivitis ranges between 70%-90%.
- Cancer and cancer treatment can make a person more susceptible to infection and increase the risk of gum disease.
- Alcohol negatively affects oral defense mechanisms.
- Stress impairs the body’s immune response to bacterial invasion.
- Mouth breathing can be harsh on the gums when they aren’t protected by the lips, causing chronic irritation and inflammation.
- Poor nutrition, such as a diet high in sugar and carbohydrates and low in water intake, will increase the formation of plaque. Also, a deficiency of important nutrients such as vitamin C will impair healing.
- Diabetes mellitus impairs circulation and the gums ability to heal.
- Medications such as antiseizure medications increase the risk for gum disease.
- Infrequent or no dental care
- Poor saliva production
SYMPTOMS OF GUM DISEASE
- Bright red, swollen gums that bleed very easily, even during brushing or flossing
- A bad taste or persistent mouth odor
- White spots or plaques on the gums
- Gums that look like they’re pulling away from the teeth
- Pus between gums or interdental spaces
- A change in the way the teeth fit together in the mouth or spaces opening up between teeth
- Loose teeth or tooth loss
- Change in the way partial dentures fit
HOW TO PREVENT GUM DISEASE
- Brush for two to three minutes, at least twice a day, with fluoridated toothpaste.
- Floss daily to remove plaque from places your toothbrush can’t reach.
- Although not a substitute for brushing and flossing, a mouth rinse can reduce plaque up to 20 percent.
- Eat a healthy diet.